数据表操作

创建数据表

接口

POST https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/

提交参数

参数 类型 必填 说明
name String(32) 数据表名(以字母开头,字母、数字、下划线的组合)
schema Object 数据表字段的元信息
row_read_perm String Array 数据表行的读权限
row_write_perm String Array 数据表行的写权限
write_perm String Array 数据表的写权限

参数 row_read_perm 和 row_write_perm 控制数据表数据的读写权限,读权限表示用户是否有权限获取数据,写权限表示用户是否有权限更新数据。

参数 write_perm 控制数据表的写权限,即表示用户是否有权限创建数据。

权限参数的说明:

参数 类型 说明
user:* String 所有人可写/可读
user:<:user_id> String 某个用户可写/可读
gid:<:group_id> String 某个分组下的用户可写/可读

具体描述与使用场景可参考ACL 访问控制列表

参数 schema 用于存储数据表字段的元信息,其结构遵循JSON-Table-Schema的描述。

例:

{
  "fields": [
    {
      "name": "field_name",
      "type": "string",
      "description": "description of field_name",
      "constraints": {
        "required": true # 设置写入/更新必填选项
      },
      "default": "hello, world", # 设置默认值
      "acl": {
        "clientVisibile": true, # 设置客户端可见
        "clientReadOnly": true, # 设置客户端只读
        "creatorVisible": true  # 设置创建者可见
      }
    }
  ]
}

数据表列的元信息:

属性 类型 必填 说明
name String(32) 字段名(字母开头,字母、数字、下划线的组合)
type String 字段类型
items Object 列表元素类型,array 字段类型必填
format String geojson 字段类型必填,值默认为 default
description String 字段的描述,不填自动赋值为字段名称
constraints Object 字段的约束属性,仅支持 required 属性
default 跟字段类型一致 字段的默认值
acl Object 字段权限相关的属性
coordinate_type String geojson 字段类型必填
schema_id String pointer 字段类型必填,表示关联的数据表 ID
  • type 目前支持 string、integer、number、boolean、array、geojson、file、date、reference(pointer 类型字段)等

  • items 目前支持 string、integer、number、boolean 等

  • coordinate_type 目前支持 wgs84(地球坐标)、gcj02(火星坐标)

若字段是 array 类型,字段元信息为:

{
  "name": "array_field",
  "type": "array",
  "items": {
    "type": "string"
  }
}

若字段是 geojson 类型,字段元信息为:

{
  "name": "location",
  "type": "geojson",
  "format": "default",
  "coordinate_type": "gcj02"
}

若字段是 pointer 类型,字段元信息为:

{
  "name": "pointer",
  "type": "reference",
  "schema_id": "1"
}

字段权限相关的属性存储在 acl 中:

属性 类型 必填 说明
clientVisibile Boolean 客户端只读的标志位,true 表示字段在客户端只读,不能被写入/更新
clientReadOnly Boolean 客户端可见的标志位, false 表示字段在客户端不可见
creatorVisible Boolean 客户端创建者可见的标志位,true 表示字段在客户端只有创建者可见

代码示例

curl -X POST \
-H "Authorization: Bearer cfb5912724dd7ff0b0c17683cc3074bb548bc7f4" \
-H "Content-Type: application/json" \
-d '{
      "name": "Table199",
      "schema": {
        "fields": [
          {
            "name": "String",
            "type": "string"
          }
        ]
      },
      "row_read_perm": ["user:*"],
      "row_write_perm": ["user:*"],
      "write_perm": ["user:*"]
    }' \
https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/
var request = require("request");

var options = { method: 'POST',
  url: 'https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/',
  headers: 
   { 'Content-Type': 'application/json',
     Authorization: 'Bearer cfb5912724dd7ff0b0c17683cc3074bb548bc7f4' },
  body: 
   { name: 'Table199',
     schema: { fields: [ { name: 'String', type: 'string' } ] },
     row_read_perm: [ 'user:*' ],
     row_write_perm: [ 'user:*' ],
     write_perm: [ 'user:*' ] },
  json: true };

request(options, function (error, response, body) {
  if (error) throw new Error(error);

  console.log(body);
});
<?php
$schema['fields'] = [array(
  'name' => 'String',
  'type' => 'string'
)];
$param['name'] = 'Table199';
$param['schema'] = $schema;
$param['row_read_perm'] = ['user:*'];
$param['row_write_perm'] = ['user:*'];
$param['write_perm'] = ['user:*'];
$url = 'https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/';

$ch = curl_init();
$header = array(
  "Authorization: Bearer {$token}",
  'Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8'
);

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $header);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 30);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POST, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, json_encode($param));
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, true);

$res['response'] = curl_exec($ch); // 反馈结果
$res['status_code'] = curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE); // 请求状态码
curl_close($ch);

返回示例

{
  "id": 1,
  "name": "Table",
  "protected_fields": null,
  "schema": {
    "fields": [
      {
        "description": "id",
        "name": "id",
        "type": "id"
      },
      {
        "description": "created_by",
        "name": "created_by",
        "type": "integer"
      },
      {
        "description": "created_at",
        "name": "created_at",
        "type": "integer"
      },
      {
        "description": "updated_at",
        "name": "updated_at",
        "type": "integer"
      },
      {
        "name": "String",
        "type": "string",
        "description": "string",
      }
    ]
  },
  "write_perm": [
    "user:*"
  ],
  "default_row_perm": {
    "_read_perm": [
      "user:*"
    ],
    "_write_perm": [
      "user:*"
    ]
  },
  "created_at": 1519538564,
  "updated_at": 1519640477
}

字段如 id、created_by、created_at、updated_at 为自动添加的内置字段

返回参数说明

参数 类型 说明
id Integer 数据表 ID
name String 数据表名
protected_fields String Array 内置表的保护字段,若数据表不是内置表,该字段为 null
schema Object 数据表字段的元信息
write_perm String Array 数据表写权限
default_row_perm Object 数据表行数据权限
created_at Integer 数据表创建时间
updated_at Integer 数据表更新时间

状态码说明

201: 修改成功

400: 表名已存在;不合法的数据

获取数据表详情

接口

GET https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/:table_id/

代码示例

curl -X GET \
-H "Authorization: Bearer cfb5912724dd7ff0b0c17683cc3074bb548bc7f4" \
-H "Content-Type: application/json" \
https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/1/
var request = require("request");

var options = { method: 'GET',
  url: 'https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/1/',
  headers: 
   { 'Content-Type': 'application/json',
     Authorization: 'Bearer cfb5912724dd7ff0b0c17683cc3074bb548bc7f4' } };

request(options, function (error, response, body) {
  if (error) throw new Error(error);

  console.log(body);
});
<?php
$table_id = 1; // 数据表 ID
$url = "https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/{$table_id}/";

$ch = curl_init();
$header = array(
  "Authorization: Bearer {$token}",
  'Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8'
);

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $header);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 30);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, 'GET');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, true);

$res = curl_exec($ch);
curl_close($ch);

返回示例

{
  "id": 1,
  "name": "Table",
  "protected_fields": null,
  "schema": {
    "fields": [
      {
        "name": "String",
        "type": "string"
      }
    ]
  },
  "write_perm": [
    "user:*"
  ],
  "default_row_perm": {
    "_read_perm": [
      "user:*"
    ],
    "_write_perm": [
      "user:*"
    ]
  },
  "created_at": 1519538564,
  "updated_at": 1519640477
}

状态码说明

200: 成功

获取数据表列表

接口

GET https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/

提交参数

  • name 支持对数据表名的等值查询

https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/?name=Table

代码示例

curl -X GET \
-H "Authorization: Bearer cfb5912724dd7ff0b0c17683cc3074bb548bc7f4" \
-H "Content-Type: application/json" \
https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/
var request = require("request");

var options = { method: 'GET',
  url: 'https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/',
  headers: 
   { 'Content-Type': 'application/json',
     Authorization: 'Bearer cfb5912724dd7ff0b0c17683cc3074bb548bc7f4' } };

request(options, function (error, response, body) {
  if (error) throw new Error(error);

  console.log(body);
});
<?php
$url = "https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/";

$ch = curl_init();
$header = array(
  "Authorization: Bearer {$token}",
  'Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8'
);

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $header);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 30);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, 'GET');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, true);

$res = curl_exec($ch);
curl_close($ch);

返回示例

{
  "meta": {
    "limit": 20,
    "next": null,
    "offset": 0,
    "previous": null,
    "total_count": 1
  },
  "objects": [
    {
      "id": 1,
      "name": "Table",
      "protected_fields": null,
      "schema": {
        "fields": [
          {
            "name": "String",
            "type": "string"
          }
        ]
      },
      "write_perm": [
        "user:*"
      ],
      "default_row_perm": {
        "_read_perm": [
          "user:*"
        ],
        "_write_perm": [
          "user:*"
        ]
      },
      "created_at": 1519538564,
      "updated_at": 1519640477
    }
  ]
}

状态码说明

200: 成功

更新数据表

接口

PUT https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/:table_id/

数据表更新接口支持一次更新一个或多个字段

代码示例

curl -X PUT \
-H "Authorization: Bearer cfb5912724dd7ff0b0c17683cc3074bb548bc7f4" \
-H "Content-Type: application/json" \
-d '{
      "name": "table"
    }' \
https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/1/
var request = require("request");

var options = { method: 'PUT',
  url: 'https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/1/',
  headers: 
   { 'Content-Type': 'application/json',
     Authorization: 'Bearer cfb5912724dd7ff0b0c17683cc3074bb548bc7f4' },
  body: { name: 'table' },
  json: true };

request(options, function (error, response, body) {
  if (error) throw new Error(error);

  console.log(body);
});
<?php
$table_id = 1; // 数据表 ID
$url = "https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/{$table_id}/";
$param['name'] = 'table';

$ch = curl_init();
$header = array(
  "Authorization: Bearer {$token}",
  'Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8'
);

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $header);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 30);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, 'PUT');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_POSTFIELDS, json_encode($param));
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, true);

$res['response'] = curl_exec($ch); // 反馈结果
$res['status_code'] = curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE); // 请求状态码
curl_close($ch);

返回示例

{
  "id": 1,
  "name": "table",
  "protected_fields": null,
  "schema": {
    "fields": [
      {
        "name": "String",
        "type": "string"
      }
    ]
  },
  "write_perm": [
    "user:*"
  ],
  "default_row_perm": {
    "_read_perm": [
      "user:*"
    ],
    "_write_perm": [
      "user:*"
    ]
  },
  "created_at": 1519538564,
  "updated_at": 1519640477
}

状态码说明

200: 修改成功

400: 表名已存在;不合法的数据

删除数据表

接口

DELETE https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/:table_id/

代码示例

curl -X DELETE \
-H "cookie: {{ cookie }}" \
-H "Content-Type: application/json" \
https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/1/
<?php
$table_id = 1; // 表 ID
$url = "https://cloud.minapp.com/oserve/v1/table/{$table_id}/";

$ch = curl_init();
$header = array(
  "Authorization: Bearer {$token}",
  'Content-Type: application/json; charset=utf-8'
);

curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_HTTPHEADER, $header);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_TIMEOUT, 30);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_URL, $url);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_CUSTOMREQUEST, 'DELETE');
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_RETURNTRANSFER, true);
curl_setopt($ch, CURLOPT_SSL_VERIFYPEER, true);

$res['response'] = curl_exec($ch); // 反馈结果
$res['status_code'] = curl_getinfo($ch, CURLINFO_HTTP_CODE); // 请求状态码
curl_close($ch);

状态码说明

204: 删除成功

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